Before we make a horse purchase, it’s a good idea to educate ourselves about the horse market so that we know how to find what we want – and how much to pay for it.
Before I would consider a major purchase like a new refrigerator or a car, I always do some research! I read reviews, do price comparisons, reliability ratings, and so forth. Unfortunately, although most horses cost more than a refrigerator, they are not quite that standardized. Still, there are many resources out on the web and I encourage you to begin educating yourself before you start shopping. In other words: begin to understand the Horse Market.
- Learn about breeds and their uses and traits. For example, an eventing horse needs stamina and a lot of agility, so a Friesian would be a poor choice if eventing is your dream. That beautiful Friesian would be happier doing some lower level dressage or taking you down the trail, while a thoroughbred or TB-cross would probably be great for eventing! Their endurance and desire to run would be terrific on the cross-country course. Many Quarter horses excel at western dressage, cutting cows, and ranch horse disciplines, yet because many are built slightly downhill, most would find it difficult to do FEI level dressage. On the other hand, that uphill Dutch Warmblood who could do FEI dressage beautifully, might be a total klutz and nut case if you asked him to play with cows.
Horses have been bred for centuries for certain uses.
Along with educating ourselves about breed traits and what might be suitable for our needs, we can talk to experienced owners of the breeds you are interested in. Breeders, trainers, owners – most of them are happy to talk about “their breed.” Just know that they will be biased and you might not get the whole scoop, so be sure you do as much research as possible. Ask breeders specifically about any health issues in the breed. That doesn’t mean your horse will have that health issue, just that you need to be aware of a tendency in the breed. For example, many pony breeds tend to be Insulin Resistant, and so we must to be careful not to let them get overweight and feed appropriately lest they founder. Usually manageable, but something to know. Many breeds have something endemic to the breed but it’s just something to be aware of, especially for the vet check.
Certain temperaments are usually associated with each breed, too, although of course each horse is an individual. You may find as you research that you start narrowing down your choices to a few breeds that particularly interest you because they can do what you want, AND their temperament suits you.
- Now start looking at online advertisements well before (3+ months if you can) you actually enter the market. Use national sites such as http://www.warmblood-sales.com, http://www.dreamhorse.com, http://www.dressagedaily.com (if you’re a dressage rider), or if you tend towards hunter/jumpers http://www.proequest.com. Find the sites that focus on your specialty (such as eventing, endurance, western, etc.) and peruse their ads. Often you can set up and save specialized searches with your criteria (age 7-12, height 14.2-16 hds, etc.). I also look at local advertising sites (here in CA we have http://bayequest.info). Watch lots videos of sales horses and make note of the ones that appeal to you. Keep good records! I make a file folder and keep notes in it on the horses I’ve looked at and what I think of them.
The time you invest NOW on the internet will save you time and money later. By looking at many horses now online, you will educate your eye and narrow down what you are REALLY looking for.
You will also start getting an idea of what prices people are asking for horses, although you won’t know the selling price, which might be quite a bit lower. Still, it gives you an idea of what the horse of your dreams might cost.
Some of the horses you see advertised may still be for sale when you do enter the market, and you may want to go see them. The price may even have dropped by then, or be more negotiable! Many horses take quite some time to sell – months or even a year or more – while others sell in a few days. This isn’t always the horse’s fault if it takes some time. The rate at which horses sell depends on many factors, and a horse may be on the market for a long while and yet it’s still a really good horse. Maybe the horse is not located near a major city or airport (so no one bothers to go see it), or it is not well advertised, or it is a bit overpriced (but the seller might take an offer), or the video does not show the horse to good advantage. All these things can keep a horse on the market. Or it might be still on the market because…there’s a darn good reason and you would not want it either.
Looking at lots of ads for horses begins to educate your eye so that you can tell the difference (some times) between a horse who might be on the market a long time because he’s a little bit difficult to go see, or because he’s really not worth going to see. You also learn what you like and what you don’t like.
- Refine your criteria as you go through the research and learning process. Keeping in mind the criteria you have decided on – age, training, temperament, price, etc. – see if you are finding it ANYWHERE in the country. Do this whether on not you plan to travel far to find your horse.
If I search for a few months and never see a horse that meets my criteria anywhere in the country…then I am being unrealistic and need to redefine my criteria.
I’ve seen this over and over again, where we want to get champagne horses on a beer budget. Can’t be done.
There are lovely inexpensive horses out there – don’t get me wrong – but they will not have extensive and impressive show records, be young, super fancy, with absolutely no flaws or health issues and super amateur safe temperaments. This kind of horse is expensive. Every once in a blue moon you will run into a desperate seller who needs to sell a wonderful horse fast and you will get an incredible deal…but that is very unusual. Generally, if the horse is valuable, people know it and they will hold out for a good price. Or something close to it.
- Ask: Is my search working well? Am I finding it? In my search, I should be seeing a number of horses that interest me, even if they are a little too expensive or a bit too far away. For example, if I’m shopping for a horse that is $10K or less, and I’m finding horses I like in the 12,500 range, that’s within negotiation range. But if everything I like is $25K, I’d better find more money or rethink my champagne tastes. I’m going to have to accept some kind of significant flaw (probably a health issue or past injury) in my dream horse in order for the seller to lower the price that much. If it’s a manageable issue or a cosmetic flaw, it may not matter so much. Alternatively, I may need to take a much older horse, who still has a lot to teach but whose price is lower because there is some risk associated with older horses. We have to consider trade offs in shopping unless we have a large budget. Remember the old adage in bargain hunting: if it doesn’t fit and doesn’t look good on me, then it’s no bargain. Hold out for a horse that “fits you.”
We begin the process of horse shopping with an “image” of what we think we want. It’s often quite unrealistic: the equivalent of looking for Mr. Tall, Dark, and Handsome (who of course is rich, charming, and adores us, too!). By the time we actually buy a horse, that image has become the flesh and blood horse who bonds with you (maybe Mr. short, funny, and cute?).
Next up: what to do when you go see a horse and how to evaluate the horse in the test ride.